What is in fruits and vegetables that make them essential? | Dietary Fibers and Antioxidant in Fruits and Vegetables

What is in fruits and vegetables that make them essential?

Vegetables and fruits are an important part of a healthy diet, and variety is as important as quantity. They have an important amount of nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and dietary fibers. As a result of these nutrients, a diet rich in fruits and vegetable reduces the risk of chronic diseases obesity, cancers, and help with bodyweight management. Therefore, fruits and vegetables are very essential for our bodies. This article aims to bring out what is in fruits and vegetables that make them essential?

Fruits and vegetables may help with bodyweight management mainly by reducing the energy density of a meal. Energy density means the energy content in a given weight of food. The water component directly affects energy density. They add weight to food without increasing calories. Therefore, they decrease the energy density.

Vegetables and fruits have high dietary fibers and antioxidants which provide various health benefits.

Dietary fibers

The body cannot digest these fibers. They pass through your stomach, small intestine, and colon then out from your body. They do not raise the blood sugar level.

            Examples -:

  • Cellulose
  • Pectin
  • Glucans
  • Chitin
  • Inulin
  • Lignin

Dietary fibers can be divided into two groups.

  1. Soluble fibers
  2. Insoluble fibers

Soluble fibers

Dissolve in water to form a gel-like material. It helps to lower blood cholesterol and glucose level. It helps your body to improve the control of blood glucose, which can help reduce your risk of diabetes. Also, this slows digestion. Some types of soluble fibers may help lower the risk of heart diseases.

            Examples -:

  • Pectin
  • Mucilage

Sources -:

  • Apples
  • Carrot

These are the facts about soluble fiber that we can consider under the topic of “What is in fruits and vegetables that make them essential?”

Insoluble fibers

Do not dissolve in water and promotes the movement of materials through the digestive system. Increase stool bulk, and help to prevent constipation and hemorrhoids. When considering stool, it makes it softer and easier for your bowel to pass with less strain. Bowel health and regularity can be promoted by insoluble fiber. It also supports insulin sensitivity and may help reduce your risk of diabetes, like soluble fiber.

            Examples -:

  • Cellulose
  • Lignin

These are the facts about insoluble fiber, that we can consider under the topic of “What is in fruits and vegetables that make them essential?”

Benefits of dietary fibers

  • Improve gut health and normalize bowel movements
    • Dietary fibers increase the weight and size of stool and soften it. A bulky stool is easier to move through, reducing the risk of constipation. If you have loose, watery fibers may help solidify the stool because they absorb water and add bulk to the stool.
    • A high fiber diet may lower your risk of developing hemorrhoids and small pouch in the colon, and lower the risk of colorectal cancers.
  • Lower cholesterol level
    • Soluble fibers may help to lower total blood cholesterol levels by lowering LDL or bad cholesterol.
    • Provide heart health benefits such as reducing blood and inflammation.
  • Help control blood sugar level 
    • In people with diabetes, fibers can slow the absorption of sugar and help improve blood sugar levels.
    • Insoluble fibers may also reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Aids in achieving a healthy weight
    • High fiber foods tend to have more filling than foods with lower fiber. So, you like to eat less and stay satisfied longer.
    • Tents take longer to eat and are less energy-dense.
  • Helps you live longer
    • Reduce cardiovascular disease and cancers.


What is in fruits and vegetables that make them essential? When considering this thing, another essential fact is antioxidants. They help protect cells from damage from potentially harmful molecules such as free radicals. They can cause a state known as oxidative stress when free radicals accumulate. This may damage DNA and other structures in cells. Risks of these radicals are heart diseases, cancers, and type 2 diabetes. Fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants such as beta carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E, and anthocyanin reduce these risks.

Examples -:

  • Fruits               -: Grapes, Pears, Guava, Orange, Watermelon, Papaya, and Banana
  • Vegetables      -: Cabbage, Beet, Radish, Squash, and Pumpkin

When we consider “What is in fruits and vegetables that make them essential?” according to the article, dietary fibers and antioxidants take a major role. They provide various health benefits for our body and help to reach a healthy balanced diet. In addition to that other nutrients, especially vitamins and minerals in fruits and vegetables are critical to enhancing good health.

Also, there are more facts we have to explore for a better life. Stay with us to know those food facts and consider following us on Instagram and Facebook.

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