People consume various foods nowadays. They contain various nutrients in various amounts. Carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, and water are the nutrient categories in foods. Nutrient means chemical substances that obtain from food and provide essential nutrition for life maintenance and development. Here, we mainly discuss carbohydrates. There are various myths and beliefs among people about carbohydrates and health. Is white sugar bleached brown sugar? Like this question, there are various questions and various beliefs among people.
Before we talk about this, let’s consider some major facts about sugar. Then it will help you to clearly understand the confusion. Sugar is a carbohydrate. There are four types of compounds that carbohydrates are made from. Those are monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides.
The simplest form of carbohydrates is monosaccharides. They cannot break down further. A monosaccharide is one single sugar unit. Glucose, fructose, and galactose are examples.
Disaccharides contain two monosaccharides. It means two sugar units. Two monosaccharide units join together to make one disaccharide. Sucrose, lactose, and maltose are examples.
- One glucose unit + one fructose unit – sucrose (cane and beet sugar).
- One glucose unit + one galactose unit – lactose (commonly found in dairy products).
- Two glucose units – maltose.
These are carbohydrate chains that contain 3-10 sugar units. Examples are raffinose and stachyose.
This is a large molecule. Smaller monosaccharides join together to make polysaccharides. There are glycosidic bonds to link those. Starch, glycogen, and cellulose are examples.
I hope you can get a basic idea about carbohydrates now. So, let’s go further into our main topic.
Is white sugar bleached brown sugar?
This is confusing for some people nowadays. When considering sugar, it is a sweetener. All types of sugars have 4 calories per gram. However, brown sugar also contains slightly fewer calories than white sugar. Some also have similar nutritional content and similar structure of chemicals. But brown sugar has slightly higher iron, calcium, and potassium. However, white sugar or refined sugar is not bleached but purified sucrose. When considering the color of brown sugar, it is because molasses which is naturally present in sugar cane and beet. It may also be a mixture of white sugar and molasses, which is a form of syrup derived from sugar and increases its nutritional value slightly. When considering white sugar, molasses removes from the sugar crystal with water and centrifuging. Carbon filters absorb any remaining-colored plant materials. Also, there is no need for whitening or artificial bleaching to make them appear white.
Raw sugar is the sugar that has been partially processed, where it washed off just the surface molasses. It is between 96-98 percent sucrose. It also has a thin layer of molasses, which is why it has a slightly brown or blond color. The rest of the process of sugar refining takes raw sugar and converts it into granulated sugar, brown sugar, and other goods for the market and food industry.
Which is better?
Many people think brown sugar is better than white sugar because they think all nutrients are removed in white sugar while processing. Let’s also look at this point under the topic “Is white sugar bleached brown sugar?”
Brown sugar is basically white sugar with molasses and is primarily known as raw sugar. It is because it undergoes less chemical processing than white sugar. White or table sugar undergoes further processing and granulation to make the crystals finer and remove the molasses. As I above mentioned, the most notable nutritional difference between the two is that brown sugar has slightly higher calcium, iron, and potassium contents. Also, brown sugar contains slightly fewer calories than white sugar and more liquid than white sugar. They are nutritionally similar, however, when considering those two. The main difference is taste and color. Brown sugar has the same health risk factors as white sugar. So, it should not recommend for diabetic patients or to aid in weight loss.
- If someone eats too much sugar, there can be leptin resistance in the body. This is very important when considering the health effects of sugar under the topic of “Is white sugar bleached brown sugar?”. Leptin is the main hormone that helps with satiety. If someone has leptin resistance, it leads to intake food intake and finally weight gain.
- High consumption of sugar also contributes to the accumulation of fat in the tissues, especially in the belly area. Increasing the fat in the body and weight gain leads to obesity, increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, and cancer.
- High sugar diets can increase the secretion of androgen, production of oil, and inflammation, all of which can increase your risk of acne growth.
- Some medical researchers have shown that sometimes sugars may affect depression conditions.
- Advanced glycation end products form as a result of reactions between sugars and proteins in the body. These compounds may cause skin aging.
- Eating a high number of simple sugars, especially fructose leads to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease which excessive fat builds up in the liver.
- One of the famous risks of eating sugar especially among children makes cavities in teeth. Bacteria that grow in the mouth use these sugars and release acidic by-products that cause tooth demineralization.
These things are very important to know when consuming sugar.
The above contains very valuable facts on sugar. Also, I think now you can clear your confusion on “Is white sugar bleached brown sugar?” However, think twice before consuming more sugar.